This paper is 2 hours long and is worth 90 marks. The Automatic nervous system is responsible for life processes. ( Log Out /  There are many factors that affect the brain and nervous system. Foundations of Personality: On the basis of various definitions it can be said that personality is founded on certain structures. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Almost immediately, other theories began to emerge and vie for dominance in psychology. Since that time, various schools of psychology have dominated the scene at different points in time, from structuralism and functionalism, to Freud’s psychodynamic theory, behaviorism, humanism, and the cognitive revolution. The Peripheral nervous system controls motor movements and voluntary processes, while the Endocrine is responsible for glandular function and hormones. Unit 1 – IntroductionDefinition of Psychology; Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st century; Psychology and scientific methods; Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences; Application of Psychology to societal problems. The two main roots of psychology are philosophy and science. Change ). Unit 4 – Development of Human BehaviourGrowth and development; Principles of development, Role of genetic and environmental factors in determining human behaviour; Influence of cultural factors in socialization; Life span development – Characteristics, development tasks, promoting psychological well-being across major stages of the life span. According to this perspective, behavior is simply an expression of what goes on inside the body. BEHAVIORISM & COGNITIVISM Behaviorism and Cognitivism are two movements in psychology that have significant implications for viewing learning and education. Spear, Laura. Even now, there are new theories being written, new topics being studied and new ideas yet to be explored. This lecture introduces students to two broad theories of how the mind relates to the body. Retrieved September 18, 2009, from http://socyberty.com/psychology/foundations-of-psychology/. (n.d.). Personality. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Also covered are the assessment of educational achievement, the social psychology of the classroom, and education in urban schools. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It believes that thoughts and perceptions directly affect a person’s problem solving strategies. In the case of Psychology, the source is the brain. Start studying Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology Chapter 1 Questions. 1). In the sciences, a theory is more than a simple guess. Ethics is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with morality—what it means to behave morally and how people can achieve that goal.It can also refer to a set of principles and practices that provide moral guidance in a particular field. Psychology was founded in the mid-1800’s with only two basic ideas: Functionalism and Structuralism. This person will make decisions based on what they believe will be best accepted by their community. What are Mental Health Theories? 1. Over time, with new technology and new research came new theories. It demonstrates how ideas and practices from Vedic, Sufi, Buddhist and Yogic traditions can be used to tackle issues in contemporary psychology. Humanism deals with a person’s free will. This brings on the theory of Humanism. Module One: Scientific Foundations of Psychology Definition of psychology- The scientific study of our thoughts, actions, and emotion History of psychology What is the difference between structuralism and functionalism? In this module, you will learn about foundational psychological theories and findings in psychology. Foundations of Psychology Psychology Secondary Course Notes 10 PSYCHOLOGY SECONDARY COURSE Methods of Psychology different parts of brain in regulating feelings, memories, emotions and other aspects of behaviour. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. This includes sympathetic and parasympathetic processes. Burger, J. M. (2011). You may not know it, but psy-chology arose as a branch of philosophy. The course has been designed for psychology faculty and professionals, and all those who wish to understand human behaviour from the Vedic angle. Psychology has now grown from two theories to countless theories. Unit 6 – LearningConcept and theories of learning (Behaviourists, Gestaltalist and Information processing models); The Processes of extinction, discrimination and generalization; Programmed learning, probability learning, self-instructional learning, concepts; Types and the schedules of reinforcement, escape, avoidance and punishment, modeling and social learning. The central nervous system refers to the brain and spinal cord. with that in mind we can say … There is an ethics of business, medicine, teaching, and of course, scientific research. The Behavioral Neuroscience Approach in Psychology advocates that behavior can best be explained by studying about its biological counterpart. “Psychology is a science of behavior and mental functioning that uses both quantitative and qualitative research studies to develop and test hypotheses and put forward theories and models that explain human behavior” (Spear, n.d. para. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Who were the important people in those early fields? Conversely, the nervous system carries messages to the brain through neurons. This would be a psychological trigger, not a physiological trigger. Functionalism assumes the best learning comes from understanding the source that the learning is coming from. However, that same rape victim may walk past the original location of her attack and have a sympathetic resaction, even though she knows her attacker is in prison and cannot hurt her at that moment. Unit 5 – Sensation, Attention and PerceptionSensation: concepts of threshold, absolute and difference thresholds, signal-detection and vigilance; Factors influencing attention including set and characteristics of stimulus; Definition and concept of perception, biological factors in perception; Perceptual organization-influence of past experiences, perceptual defence-factors influencing space and depth perception, size estimation and perceptual readiness; The plasticity of perception; Extrasensory perception; Culture and perception, Subliminal perception. What are the biological foundations of psychology? This is where information is carried from the brain and down the spinal cord and into muscles in the back. During the 17th-century, the French philosopher Rene Descartes introduced the idea of dualism, which asserted that the mind and body were two entities that interact to form the human experience. It is a “coherent group of propositions formulated to explain a group of facts or phenomena in the natural world and repeatedly confirmed through experiment or observation” (Dictionary.com, n.d.). Psychology is the study of the mind, how it works, and how it might affect behavior. ( Log Out /  ( Log Out /  By implication, it emphasizes the need to recognize diversity among learners. Key concepts discussed include teachers’ attitudes and behavior, different types of learning, technology in education, forgetting and extinction, child development, and intelligence measurements. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS By providing a basis for understanding the teaching/learning process, educational psychology deals with how people learn. The first school of thought, structuralism, was advocated by the founder of the first psychology lab, Wilhelm Wundt. This theory conversely also believes that behavior affects the brain. Structuralism is the belief that every thought or perception can be broken down … ( Log Out /  Video created by Yale University for the course "Introduction to Psychology ". Over the years, psychology has grown a better understanding of both the physical and emotional reactions of the body. Functionalism is based on the theory that the best way to learn about why people do the things they do is to understand the way that their brain uses and processes information. Change ), Paper 2 – Psychology Issues and Applications. References. ( Log Out /  Describe and identify the major fields of psychology and understand the core concepts and theoretical approaches relevant to each of these; 2. Unit 11 – PersonalityDefinition and concept of personality; Theories of personality (psychoanalytical, sociocultural, interpersonal, developmental, humanistic, behaviouristic, trait and type approaches); Measurement of personality (projective tests, pencil-paper test); The Indian approach to personality; Training for personality development; Latest approaches like big 5 factor theory; The notion of self in different traditions. Humanistic psychology developed as a response to psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Unit 8 – Thinking and Problem SolvingPiaget’s theory of cognitive development; Concept formation processes; Information processing, Reasoning and problem solving, Facilitating and hindering factors in problem solving, Methods of problem solving: Creative thinking and fostering creativity; Factors influencing decision making and judgment; Recent trends. http://socyberty.com/psychology/foundations-of-psychology/. These structures contribute to the formation of personality. Many people think that both alcoholism and domestic abuse can be directly related to the environment that the offender was exposed to as a child. Psychology was founded in the mid-1800’s with only two basic ideas: Functionalism and Structuralism. In addition to these theories, there is also another branch of Psychology. Unit 13 – Language and CommunicationHuman language – Properties, structure and linguistic hierarchy, Language acquisition-predisposition, critical period hypothesis; Theories of language development – Skinner and Chomsky; Process and types of communication – effective communication training. This theory would mean that behavior is very unpredictable, because behavior would change as feelings changed, which could prove to be a minute to minute change. The study of Psychology has since grown, as has the understanding of the human brain and how it works. Structuralism research includes not only physical and environmental events, but also emotional and mental events. These include psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic and … Humanistic psychology instead focused on individual free will, personal growth and the concept of self-actualizati… Psychologists are now able to understand their patients better than ever before.… Another theory that is altered by emotions and feelings is the Cognitive theory. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Similarly the impact of over-secretion or under-secretion of different kinds of hormones in governing behaviour is studied. Book description Foundations of Indian Psychology Volume 1: Concepts and Theories goes beyond merely tracing the history of Indian thought. Unit 2 - Methods of PsychologyTypes of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic; … Unit 3 – Research MethodsMajor steps in Psychological research (problem statement, hypothesis formulation, research designs, sampling, tools of data collection, analysis and interpretation and report writing) Fundamental versus applied research; Methods of data collect ion ( interview, observat ion, quest ionnaire); Research designs (ex-post facto and experimental); Application of statistical technique (t – test, two way ANOVA correlation, regression and factor analysis); Item response theory. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Written by Sarah Harding 14 August, 2017 There are four major forms of therapy in the field of psychology 1. Apply the principles of psychology in personal and professional contexts to develop a better knowledge and understanding of other people; 3. It also refers to the application of the knowledge, which can be used to understand events, treat mental health issues, and improve … Socyberty. Psychologists will grow an even better understanding as research continues. This method of research identifies and analyzes the most basic elements of the situation that the subject has experienced. Psychology study human as independent entity, how he perceive information, how he transform from unknown to known, how he develop from neonite to adulhood, how a child acquire skills knowledge, ideas, values, norms etc. It then studies the way it affects that person’s life. In this module, you will learn about foundational psychological theories and findings in psychology. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Psychology has now grown from two theories to countless theories. The overarching goal of psychology is to understand the behavior, mental functions, and emotional processes of human beings. 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