Moreover, water drainage beneath the ground’s surface or flooding from the Nile River could have caused the erosion in question, rather than precipitation. When he awoke, the prince remembered the dream and the deal was completed on both sides. However, concrete evidence cannot be applied to the Sphinx, as there is none. All Rights Reserved. While there, he drifted off to sleep and dreamed that the Sphinx wanted him to dig out the rest of the statue in exchange for making him king. One of the mysteries of the Sphinx that has possibly been answered, but often disputed, is how old is the Sphinx. Despite this, it is also one of the most mysterious man-made objects in the world. Originally Posted by OpanaPointer It's not water erosion. Despite its iconic status, geologists, archaeologists, Egyptologists and others continue to debate the Sphinx’s enduring “riddle”: Exactly how old is it? Facing directly from West to East, it stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. Roswell Rock: Magnetic Anomaly Linked to Crop Circles. Great Sphinx of Giza, colossal limestone statue of a recumbent sphinx located in Giza, Egypt, that likely dates from the reign of King Khafre ( c. 2575– c. 2465 bce) and depicts his face. SEE-August27th: The age of Egyptian Great Sphinx which was built during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafre between 2558–2532 BC. IN other words, I've been way beyond even those, which like to date the Sphinx to the Egyptian subpluvial period (and hence, to an age of about 8-10,000 BC). How old exactly the Sphinx is, remains subject to debate. The Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the most recognizable man-made objects in the world. Interesting history topics are just a click away. According to Egypt’s premier archaeologist, Dr. Zahi Hawass Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, the Great Sphinx of Giza was built during the Old Kingdom in Egypt (2649-2150 BC). If you accept that the Great Sphinx of Giza was carved during the Old Kingdom, you still have to wonder exactly when. Lo and behold, beyond any doubt at all, the Sphinx does have water wear patterns—and in a desert that’s at least 7000 years old, it puts it well over the age of 6000 years. Scientists: Geological evidence shows the Great Sphinx is 800,000 years old. The only methods available to us are those of observation and deduction. In fact, it was only unearthed again in 1936. The Great Sphinx of Giza, commonly simply known as the Sphinx is one of the most impressive as well as one of the most mysterious monuments of the ancient world. One of the prevailing arguments for the Great Sphinx being older than the Old Kingdom is that some of the erosion on the Sphinx appears to have been caused by water. Despite its iconic status, geologists, archaeologists, Egyptologists and others continue to debate the Sphinx’s enduring “riddle”: Exactly how old is it? remains controversial. Introduction . A pair of Ukrainian researchers Manichev Vjacheslav I. and Alexander G. Parkhomenko said that the statue is way older … 1878. The Great Sphinx of Giza belongs to the Giza necropolis west of Cairo. Carved from the natural limestone of the Giza Plateau, known as the Mokkatam Formation, the Sphinx is known to erode very quickly, which would explain why it looks older than its age. We know that the statue is so old that the first restoration of the statue took place around 3,500 years ago. There is a Sphinx in Luxor, and the Temple of the Moon has 900 sphinxes with ram heads – so it’s lion body with a ram head. Shelly Barclay writes on a variety of topics from animal facts to mysteries in history. However, some recent studies have suggested that … This being the third time that we are aware of, including Thutmose’s tale. The sphinx, a lion with a human head, represents the power of the Egyptian king. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. More recently, a new theory emerged that places the statue’s origins much further back, to some 9,000 years ago. A Net Inceptions project. However, we have no way of knowing if it was buried in wet sand. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Given the lack of evidence and inscriptions referring to the Sphinx, it is nearly impossible to know how it depicts and when it was carved. Many place it to about 4,500 years old during the tyrant King Khafre’s rule, while others suggest it was even earlier than that. The most common wisdom holds that the monolith is around 4,500 years old, and was built for Khafre, a pharaoh of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty who lived circa 2603-2578 B.C. Why would it appear to be an Old Kingdom structure thousands of years after it was built? In other words, even if you do accept that the Sphinx was built when most Egyptologists say it was, there is still the question of in which pharaoh’s reign it was built. The Great Sphinx of Giza, commonly referred to as the Sphinx of Giza or just the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a reclining sphinx, a mythical creature. His pyramid is the second tallest of the pyramids built at Giza, next to his father Khufu’s Great Pyramid. The head of the Sphinx emerging from the sand in 1867. It is impossible to use most modern scientific methods to learn how old is the Sphinx. Carved of a single block of red granite, quarried at Aswan, the five-fold titulary of Ramses II appears along the base of this sphinx. Egyptologists, geologists and others have rejected the water erosion hypothesis and the idea of an older Sphinx, offering various alternative expla… The Sphinx water erosion hypothesis is a fringe claim contending that the main type of weathering evident on the enclosure walls of the Great Sphinx was caused by prolonged and extensive rainfall that would have predated the time of Djedefre and Khafre, the Pharaohs credited by most modern Egyptologists with building the Great Sphinx and Second Pyramidat Giza around 2500 BC. That question may be answered as well, but it doesn’t answer who built it. Until recently, experts thought that King Djedefre was a murderer and outcast who couldn't possibly have had the power to create the Great Sphinx. He took shelter from the sun in the shadow of the great head. On top of that, computers have calculated that it would take a minimum of 1000 years of continuous, torrential rains dumped on the Sphinx— nonstop for twenty-four hours a day—to cause that kind wear. Sphinx is the human-headed lion in ancient Greek mythology; the term likely came into use some 2,000 years after the statue was built. Even if you accept the general consensus of who built the Sphinx, how was the Sphinx built, you are still left with many questions that have not been, or cannot be, explained. Her main focus is military and political history. She is a writer for the Boston History Examiner, Military History Examiner and the Boston American Revolution History Examiner. The Sphinx actually echoes throughout many different cultures, from Greece, even Rome, they’ve got the modern version of the Sphinx. Case closed this is the problem, your yelping with a bunch of "historians'. Observation and deduction tell us that no one could have carved the Great Sphinx that long ago. How old is the Sphinx? It is the largest and most famous Sphinx, situated at the Giza Plateau adjacent to the Great Pyramids of Giza on the west bank of the Nile River, it has puzzled Egyptologists and researchers for centuries. The site is a plateau containing the three great pyramids of Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura, together with the Sphinx and a number of smaller pyramids, temples, and tombs. Artifacts found at the Sphinx … Dr. Hawass has said that none of these theories (regarding an earlier date) “has any basis in fact.”. 2650-2550 BC) which means that it is about 4,500 years old. The face of the Sphinx is generally believed to represent the pharaoh Khafre. The colossal statue with a human head and the body of a lion is traditionally believed to be about the same age as the pyramids in Giza (ca. Because it is carved out of stone, carbon dating is out of the question. According to the literature of Theosophical Society, Sphinx is about 70000 years old. I've set myself the goal of knocking my 166,000 word manuscript 'The Sphinx Scrolls' into shape during 2010 and 2011. If Schoch is the robust one, it should also be noted that he's got an agenda himself: he's a proponent of a "progenitor civilisation". Additionally, the idea that the style of art would have remained the same in Giza for all that time is absurd. Most Egyptologists link it to Pharaoh Khafra (2558-2532 BC) who built the second largest pyramid in the Giza plateau. She also writes for a local historical society newsletter. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Some experts believe that it was built during the reign of Khufu (2589-2566 BC), the man for whom the Great Pyramid was built. Additional evidence for the great age of the Sphinx may perhaps be indicated by the astronomical significance of its shape, being that of a lion. Not everyone believes that the Sphinx was built for Khafre, however. Archeologists believe that it was carved around 2500 BC and that the head is meant to be the likeness of the Pharaoh Khafra. Löwenmensch figurine – The 32,000-year-old Aurignacian Löwenmensch figurine, also known as "lion-human" is the oldest known anthropomorphic statue, discovered in the … Roughly every two thousand years (2160 to be exact), and because of the precession of the equinoxes, the sun on the vernal equinox rises against the stellar background of a different constellation. A debate has been raging for several decades over what is the actual age of the Great Sphinx at the Giza Plateau in Egypt. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. For years, Egyptologists and archaeologists have thought the Great Sphinx of Giza to be about 4,500 years old, dating to around 2500 B.C. Others believe that it was built during Khafre’s reign (around 2500 BC). Theories that go against Hawass’s findings put carving of the Sphinx thousands of years before the 4th Dynasty. We do know that the Sphinx has been buried for the better part of its existence. Georgia Guidestones: Who Paid for It and Why? The rest of the statue was buried in the sand. The Great Sphinx of Giza, a giant limestone figure with the body of a lion and the head of a man wearing a pharaoh’s headdress, is the national symbol of Egypt—both ancient and modern—and one of the world’s most famous monuments. Sphinx there are wear patterns that cut twelve feet deep into its surface, and this type of wear pattern is totally different from the patterns on other buildings in Egypt. The Sphinx circa 1880s, by Beniamino Facchinelli. He claims that the sort of rainfall that has occurred in the Giza Plateau since 5000 BC would not have been enough to cause this sort of damage. In the Giza Plateau region, the mark of the upper deep hollow from the Great Egyptian Sphinx’s foot is about 160 metres above the present sea level. Accept Read More. If we are to believe that Thutmose IV unearthed the Sphinx, then we know the Sphinx dates back much farther than his reign, which began around 1400 BC. The features of the face, the headdress, and the shape of the head are reminiscent of the 4th Dynasty (2613-2494 BC). HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Dr. Schoch has hinted that wet sand could have caused the erosion on the pyramid. Dating the Sphinx back this far suggests the statue was the work of an advanced civilization predating the ancient Egyptians—an intriguing, if highly controversial, proposition. Geophysical evidence in particular points to the Sphinx being much older than what academic egyptologists would have us believe. All rights reserved. When Was the Great Sphinx Built If you deny the general consensus of the age … Most scholars still accept the traditional dating of the Sphinx to Khafre’s era, arguing that the new theory doesn’t take into account all the evidence on the table. why don't you for about 10 seconds do a "geological weathering" pattern search on the web. We have the tomb of the pyramid builders. Even if we did, we still have the fact that others have credited blowing sand with the Sphinx’s erosion. The head of the Sphinx emerging from the sand in 1867. But the Sphinx itself echoes throughout Egyptian culture. However, not everyone accepts the general consensus and therefore, the Sphinx is even more of an enigma to them. Historic Mysteries is an Amazon Associate and earns from qualifying purchases. There is no record of it being carved and there is no way of dating it conclusively. The Great Sphinx partially excavated, ca. There is quite a bit of evidence to support this, but the most obvious is the style of the statue. Is the Great Sphinx twice as old as Egyptologists and archaeologists think, based on recent geological evidence?Viewpoint: Yes, recent evidence suggests that the Great Sphinx is much older than most scientists believe.Viewpoint: No, the Great Sphinx was built about 4,500 years ago during the reign of the pharaoh Khafre, as has long been believed by most archaeologists and Egyptologists. This lecture will consider recent physical evidence and the theories that have been proposed to explain this evidence. It is one of the largest and oldest statues in the world. One of the mysteries of the Sphinx that has possibly been answered, but often disputed, is how old is the Sphinx. © 2009-2020 Historic Mysteries. Much heavier rains occurred before 5000 BC, making a date around or before then more feasible to him and others. We have no such evidence of who built the Sphinx. New studies show the Great Sphinx might have been possibly built around 9,000 years ago — a hypothesis that predates the ancient civilization of Egypt. He has also found that similar erosion does not exist in other monuments in the area dating from the Old Kingdom. THE SPHINX,that familiar symbol of undeciphered mystery, is at it again. To make up for its lesser size, Khafre’s pyramid was built at a higher elevation and surrounded by a more elaborate complex with numerous statues, including the Sphinx, the head of which is thought to be built in the pharaoh’s own image. | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | DMCA Notice, This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Supporters of this hypothesis point to extensive erosion of the limestone near the top of the Great Sphinx, arguing that the last time the region experienced enough rainfall in the region to cause this type of erosion on limestone was 7000 B.C. Egypt for so many thousands of years before the 4th Dynasty are those of and. 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