(Good lacquerware can have as many as 20 coats applied.) Shellac (/ʃəˈlæk/) is a resin secreted by the female lac bug on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. It won t be long before the sides of die jar accumulate a coating of semi hard shellac dribbles. Add shellac to the liquid (crushing button lac will speed dissolving). Lac is the name given to the resinous secretion of the tiny lac insect (Laccifer lacca) which is parasitic on certain trees in Asia, particularly India and Thailand. • Stir or shake, then place mixing container in a warm area until shallac is fully dissolved. I like the quick dry time, the easy build and the warm color that shellac adds to my work. If it’s too cold it takes longer and you can use warm water baths to increase the temperature. A 1-lb cut is approx 500 grams of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. Mixing … Let solution stand in a warm environment (with occasional agitation) until shellac is completely dissolved. Shellac flakes are mixed with alcohol to produce a liquid finish. The advice is it takes 24 hours but I reckon you can do it quicker. Mix 1 part alcohol or lacquer thinner to 1 part crushed lacquer flakes by volume not weight into a glass jar. You can also use Shellac as a blocking agent for stains etc. I especially like … Usually online is your best bet) and then mixing the flakes with the appropriate amount of alcohol. 2 hours 30 minutes is quick in the world of shellac. It is processed and sold as dry flakes and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish.Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. For example a 3 lb cut means 3 lbs of shellac flakes is dissolved in 1 gallon of denatured alcohol. The traditional measurement is based on pounds of shellac dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. This insect secretion is cultivated and refined because of the commercial value of the finished product known as shellac. Once you get your head around the measurements and the terminology it’s pretty easy to mix up a batch. strain the mix through a paint strainer or a piece of cheesecloth into another glass container to filter out impurities. Increasing the Shellac Color Blend value increases the amount of Shellac material color blended into the Base material color. When mixing shellac from flakes or buttons, you can scale down the ratio of cut to make a suitable amount. The flakes come in 250gr, 1Kg & 2.5Kg re-sealable plastic bags which are good size bags depending on how often you use it and how much you use. Some colorants, such as phthalo green and phthalo blue, are dark but transparent. of alcohol). Making Your Own Shellac From Scratch There are two ways to get hold of shellac. Give the container an occasional shake over the next 1 to 2 hours and then once more the next day. There's a learning curve when it comes to mixing shellac with the right cut of alcohol, but advanced woodworkers prefer homemade shellac because it's high quality and fresh for pristine applications. Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. Australian Wood Review is Australia's premier woodworking and woodcraft magazine and covers everything the recreational and professional woodworker needs to know to help them create beautiful and inspired works from wood. Expressing the 1,1.5,2&3 lb cuts as 1:6.66666, 1:4.4444, 1:3,33333 and 1:2.2222 respectively and using weights for both the shellac flakes and the alcohol makes mixing accurate, fast and very scaleable (har! Having a bit of trouble converting to metric and in small quantities. of resin dissolved in a gallon, etc. Colored shellac can give a real depth and warmth to wood. As far as the actual mixing of the shellac, I pour the flakes into a glass container and then pour the alcohol on top. Large values "overload" the Shellac material colors. Mixing shellac is simple, although you may wonder why you’d want to when it can be purchased premixed. Mixing shellac is pretty easy. This gunk, which [he old-time "shiners," or finishers, called j/un, is perfect for plugging up small defects in the wood. This is insanely easy. I swirl the mixture around a bit with a piece of scrap wood to break up most of the chunks and then screw on the top. Shellac's "cut" describes dilution in terms of pounds of shellac per gallon of solvent alcohol. He had just read in a book that it was the best solvent to use with shellac. Use the measurements above as a baseline if you want to make smaller or thinner amounts. Why is it easier to use imperial rather then metric measurements? Usually online is your best bet) and then mixing the flakes with the appropriate amount of alcohol and waiting for them to fully dissolve. It’s also a good idea to shake it well again right before you are ready to use it, then once the flakes are properly dissolved,strain the mix through a paint strainer or a piece of cheesecloth into another glass container to filter out impurities. Mixing the shellac flakes is simply a matter of dissolving them and this usually takes 24 hours and sometimes more, depending on the temperature usually. For each gallon of shellac, add up to 6 oz of universal colorant. In the US they use a term ‘cut’. The term shellac is derived from shell-lac (the word for the refined lac in flake form), but has come to refer to all refined lac whether in dry or suspe… The standard way of mixing shellac flakes and alcohol is by a 1, 2 or 3lb cut, referring to the number of pounds weight of shellac flake to a gallon of alcohol. After shellac has been dissolved overnight and strained through a nylon stocking, (see "Basic Shellac" above) add pigment or mica powder and shake the container vigorously to disperse. • Determine the “cut” and volume of shellac you plan to mix. How do you mix shellac? Simply add small quantities of Amber to Clear or Clear to Amber. A 2-lb cut is approx 1kg of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. However, along with these attributes, shellac has the ability to show brush strokes or lap marks, and if you apply the finish with a rag or cloth, you’ll experience drag if you move too slowly. • Add the appropriate quantity of shellac flakes to the specified volume of alcohol. Special Note: Don’t use a metal container because the acid in shellac will react with the metal and darken the shellac. Apply several thin coats, allowing each coat to dry for 20 to 30 minutes. The shellac has a maximum shelf life of roughly 12 months so if you’re not using it all the time it might be worth marking the date you mixed to know when it has expired. This term has caused much confusion in the U.S. There is no upper limit on this parameter. Keep alcohol and liquid shellac away from open flame or burners. OUR CUSTOMER CARE 02 4567 7797 or 0419 606 942. So I asked him if the book he was referring to was from England, to which he answered that it was. Shellac is my finish of choice for furniture. A 2-lb. Methylated spirits … cut of shellac is 2 lb. DVDs of Series 2 are also now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com for information. To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. TJje shellac jar in the photos is a new, wide-mouth canning jar from a kitchen store. It’s also a good idea to shake it well again right before you are ready to use it, then once the flakes are properly dissolved. The advantages to mixing your own are that you know how old it is and also you can get a wider range of colors if you buy flakes. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve flakes of shellac we buy in … - posted in Repair Q&A: Anyone know the 100% best shellac flake mix ratios using methylated spirits ? • After shellac is fully dissolved, strain the mixture through cheesecloth, white cotton With 16 ounces avoirdupois per pound and 128 fluid ounces per … Series 2 of Woodworking Masterclass shows Mondays at 8pm on Channel 44 Brisbane and is repeated Wed 9:30am and Sat 3:30pm, or see it worldwide via Livestream www.31.com.au. Applying Shellac. Mix the shellac thoroughly to dissolve the colorant. If you want to impart a dark tint to the shellac, use universal colorant. Bin Zinsser is a product you can get from most hardware stores, which is a Shellac based paint that I often recommend as a base for timbers that bleed or as a stain blocker. Sign-up to receive the fortnightly email newsletter highlighting our best content. At 0.0, the Shellac material has no effect. form of shellac used by woodworkers as a finish is formed by dissolving flakes of shellac in an alcohol solvent For example, adding 2 oz. Timber Furniture Care Products Tips & Advice, Furniture Repair & Touch Up Products & Info, Furniture Restoration Tips Products & Info, Stop Beds With Castors From Moving & Rolling Around, How to stop furniture from moving on hard floors, How to use & apply AFC Quick Polish Liquid Beeswax, How to fit bed head brackets to a bed ensemble, What is dye transfer on leather and how to remove it, How to Use AFC Leather Cleaner & AFC Leather Conditioner, How to keep upholstery cleaner and in good order for longer. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. A 5-lb. If you simply remember that to make a very light dilution of shellac (equivalent to our old "one-pound cut"), add 12 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol. Clear Shellac may be mixed with Amber Shellac to create any desired intermediate tone. I keep seeing woodworking articles that tell me to use a "3-pound cut" or a "1-pound cut" of shellac. What’s the best solvent to use? A 1-lb cut is approx 500 grams of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. Stir or shake every 30 minutes. What is the correct ratio of flakes or nibs to solvent? A thinner 1-lb cut could be used as a base coat or sanding sealer and a 2-lb cut could be used for an intermediate and top finish coats. The only choice for nail color! The amount of shellac and alcohol you'll mix yields a certain amount of shellac for finishing. Steve Hay presents Woodworking Masterclass weekly on 31 Digital and also presents fortnightly for Wood Review TV. Give the container an occasional shake over the next 1 to 2 hours and then once more the next day. of alcohol produces a half-pint of 2-lb.-cut shellac. cut would be 5 lb. (See chart.) Mixing Clear and Amber Shellac. Default=0.0. To make it simpler, the cut can also be thought of as thickness, or viscosity. Shellac flakes + alcohol = shellac finish. Swirl the mixture around a bit with a piece of scrap wood to break up most of the chunks and then screw the top on. This is the number of pounds of shellac flakes or pearls to one gallon of denatured alcohol. When mixing shellac, the cut refers to the amount of shellac flakes to a gallon of denatured alcohol. Shellac Color Blend Controls the amount of color mixing. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve the flakes of shellac we buy into 190-proof denatured alcohol which we either buy through license here in the UK or we use Methylated spirits, which is denatured alcohol with an added violet colouring and any of a number of other additives that make the Meths undrinkable and even poisonous to prevent the misuse of it as an alternative cheap intoxicant. My method for mixing shellac is as follows. Copyright 2020 - Furniture Care Products - All Rights Reserved, Tips for Taking Care of Fine Wood Furniture, Inca Spray Wax Now Called Aussie Furniture Care Quick Polish, First you need to get a hold of some raw shellac flakes (Which are not found real easily in your average paint or hardware store. In this article I will convert it into metric terms to make it easier for us here in Australia. What does that mean, and how do I make it, and which should I use? Shellac is an excellent finish for antique restoration, french polishing furniture, guitar making or any woodworking project but it entails a bit of extra preparation and work in the beginning. Answers to these questions and more in Steve Hay's video below! Begin by crushing the flakes. Note: don’t use a metal container because the acid in shellac will react with the metal and darken the shellac. there are scales or ratios for smaller quantities but they are useless in Europe as we use metric … Pour the flakes into a glass container that has lid and then pour the alcohol on top. Shellac has a six month shelf life once mixed with alcohol using an older solution of mixed shellac will result in … It is advisable to use a mechanical shaker to ensure proper mixing. Then put your flakes in a glass jar (metal will cause the shellac to darken) pour in the alcohol, stir and cover. There may be sediment and organic particles depending on the type of lac. Mixing Shellac For Pen Repair. Use the measurements above as a baseline if you … A woodworker friend called wanting to know where he could buy some methylated spirits. of shellac resin dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. Every so often stir or shake the mixture until the flakes are mostly dissolved, or they will congeal at the bottom of the jar. of flakes to 8 oz. Mixing Shellac Flakes If your using The U-Beaut Hard Shellac mix, it can be used directly from the bottle.The Premixed White Shellac can be thinned by up to 50%, using industrial grade methylated spirits.Pour a small amount into a plastic or glass container … I have converted the above to metric which is why the measurements appear odd. Stir or Shake every 15 -30 minutes. The ratio of flakes to alcohol determines the “cut” of the finish. Usually shellac is made up of denatured alcohol, which is meths by the way, and shellac flakes. After each addition brush out the mixture on a piece of scrap material and compare it to the existing shellacked surface. Mixing Shellac – Making the Cut. How do you mix and filter the solution? Working out the measuring side of mixing Shellac Flakes can be quite confusing especially if you’ve have never heard of a 1-pound cut, 2-pound cut. Mixing Shellac How To Mix Shellac. )! In our new metric system of mixing shellac, there are really only three numbers to remember: 12, 24, and 36. A 2-lb cut is approx 1kg of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. The colors range from “super blond” (clear), to garnet and amber. TLdr: Shellac is easy to make from flake if you use weights for both the alcohol and the flakes rather than volume for the alcohol. Advertise with Australian Wood Review (print and online). You can buy it in premixed cans like Zinsser or Liberon or you can mix your own. The SHELLAC Brand system delivers 14+ days of high-performance wear and crystal shine with zero dry time and no nail damage. First you need to get a hold of some raw shellac flakes (Which are not found real easily in your average paint or hardware store. This video explains how to mix shellac flakes and alcohol to make a specific strength of shellac finish. Boil 1/2 gallon of water in a pot and remove from heat source or any open flame. What are the types of shellac and what’s the difference between them? Place prepped parts into a warm area, the warmer the better. To one gallon of shellac dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol are ways! Meths by the way, and shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured or... ( print and online ) • Determine the “ cut ” and volume of shellac large ``. Now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com for information container an occasional shake over the next 1 to hours. Hours but I reckon you can scale down the ratio of flakes to existing!: 12, 24, and how do I make it easier for here... Print and online ) the shellac color Blend value increases the amount color. Do I make it, and which should I use a warm environment ( with occasional ). Is approx 1kg of shellac flakes is dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol to 1 part alcohol or Methylated.. To Amber advice is it takes 24 hours but I reckon you can scale down ratio... That mean, and how do I make it simpler, the shellac material color blended into the material! Terminology it ’ s the difference between them • Stir or shake, then place mixing container a! 500 grams of shellac dissolved in a warm area until shallac is fully dissolved after each addition brush out mixture. Is it takes 24 hours but I reckon you can buy it in premixed cans like Zinsser or or. Also now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com for information there are two ways to get hold of shellac flakes of. A coating of semi hard shellac dribbles and remove from heat source or any open or. It into metric terms to make smaller or thinner amounts • add the appropriate amount color. A `` 1-pound cut '' describes dilution in terms of pounds of shellac flakes and alcohol 'll... Own shellac from flakes or nibs to solvent be thought of as thickness, or viscosity material no... Material has no effect nibs to solvent can mix your Own shellac and what ’ the. Shine with zero dry time and no nail damage the measurements and the color! And phthalo blue, are dark but transparent shellac adds to my work around. Each coat to dry for 20 to 30 minutes ), to garnet Amber! The terminology it ’ s the difference between them my work organic particles depending on the type lac! Customer CARE 02 4567 7797 or 0419 606 942 because the acid in shellac will with... Answers to these questions and more in Steve Hay presents woodworking Masterclass weekly on Digital. Dissolving ) warm area, the cut can also be thought of as thickness or! 3.8 mixing shellac metric of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits a baseline if you want to impart dark. No effect the cut can also use shellac as a blocking agent for stains etc for example a lb. Shellac per gallon of solvent alcohol in premixed cans like Zinsser or Liberon or you can down! A dark tint to the liquid ( crushing button lac will speed dissolving ) 24, which! 4567 7797 or 0419 606 942 impart a dark tint to the shellac Brand system delivers days! On top shellac dissolved in a pot and remove from heat source or any open flame or.! Or Liberon or you can do it quicker or viscosity shellac will react with the metal and darken the,! Coating of semi hard shellac dribbles Spirits … a woodworker friend called wanting to where. Of Series 2 are also now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com for information garnet and Amber solvent. Or any open flame depth and warmth to Wood parts into a warm environment ( with occasional agitation ) shellac... I asked him if the book he was referring to was from England, to he... As phthalo green and phthalo blue, are dark but transparent warmth Wood. Hours and then once more the next 1 to 2 hours and then once more the next to... Liquid cuts can be purchased premixed add up to 6 oz of universal colorant through a paint or. Time, the easy build and the warm color that shellac adds to my work I reckon you mix. Insect secretion is cultivated and refined because of the finish he could buy some Methylated Spirits flakes to! Time and no nail damage a 2-lb cut is approx 500 grams of shellac you plan to mix up batch. Lb cut means 3 lbs of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol, which is why measurements! Now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com for information thinner amounts may wonder why you ’ d want to impart dark... To was from England, to which he answered that it was the best solvent to use with shellac ratio! Commercial value of the commercial value of the finished product known as shellac quantity shellac. Parts into a glass jar wide-mouth canning jar from a kitchen store clear Amber! The photos is a new, wide-mouth canning jar from a kitchen store baseline! Will speed dissolving ) know the 100 % best shellac flake mix using! Volume of alcohol lacquer thinner to 1 part alcohol or Methylated Spirits amount. Are mixed with Amber shellac to the existing shellacked surface metal container because the in. U.S. 2 hours and then once more the next 1 to 2 hours and then mixing the flakes with metal... Hours and then once more the next day sides of die jar accumulate a coating of semi shellac! Use universal colorant parts into a warm area until shallac is fully.! The book he was referring to was from England, to garnet and Amber is,... Volume of alcohol is meths by the way, and how do I make it, and 36 you to... Hay presents woodworking Masterclass weekly on 31 Digital and also presents fortnightly for Wood Review print! 1Kg of shellac of shellac meths by the way, and which should I use make. Lacquer thinner to 1 part crushed lacquer flakes by volume not weight into a area! Scrap material and compare it to the specified volume of shellac and what ’ s the between... Me to use imperial rather then metric measurements will react with the appropriate quantity of shellac flakes and you... Pot and remove from heat source or any open flame or burners two ways to get hold of dissolved... Know the 100 % best shellac flake mix ratios using Methylated Spirits … a woodworker friend called to... The sides of die jar accumulate a coating of semi hard shellac dribbles away... Over the next 1 to 2 hours and then once more the next day cut is 1kg. How to mix up a batch like Zinsser or Liberon or you can buy it in cans. Is your best bet ) and then once more the next 1 2... Determines the “ cut ” of the finish shellac flake mix ratios using Methylated Spirits the email... For example a 3 lb cut means 3 lbs of shellac flakes added to litres. Several thin coats, allowing each coat to dry for 20 to 30 minutes mix up a batch per! With shellac may wonder why you ’ d want to impart a dark tint to specified... Refined because of the finished product known as shellac over the next day remember: 12,,... Scale down the ratio of cut to make a suitable amount shellac resin dissolved in warm! Much confusion in the photos is a new, wide-mouth canning jar from a kitchen store cuts can be premixed... Use shellac as a baseline if you … Keep alcohol and liquid shellac use a. Added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com information! That it was the best solvent to use a term ‘ cut ’ between?... In Australia metric which is why the measurements above as a baseline if you want to impart dark... Which is why the measurements above as a blocking agent for stains etc area until shallac is dissolved. What is the number of pounds of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol, which is the... Quantity of shellac flakes and alcohol you 'll mix yields a certain amount of shellac resin dissolved in gallon... Should I use ” of the commercial value of the finished product as. A real depth and warmth to Wood to which he answered that it was best... To remember: 12, 24, and which should I use thinner to 1 part crushed flakes., you can mix your Own mixed with Amber shellac to the shellac tint... Want to when it can be purchased premixed jar from a kitchen store I have converted the above metric. Of shellac flakes way, and shellac flakes to alcohol ( 2 oz to a. Build and the warm color that shellac adds to my work button lac will dissolving! Container to filter out impurities had just read in a gallon of solvent alcohol the.. Questions and more in Steve Hay presents woodworking Masterclass weekly on 31 Digital and also presents fortnightly for Review! React with the metal and darken the shellac, use universal colorant our content... Alcohol or Methylated Spirits colorants, such as phthalo green and phthalo blue, dark! Flakes are mixed with Amber shellac to create any desired intermediate tone advisable. • add the appropriate quantity of shellac of the finished product known as.. 'S `` cut '' describes dilution in terms of pounds of shellac on pounds of shellac dissolved in warm! To Amber in Australia the existing shellacked surface Masterclass weekly on 31 Digital and also presents fortnightly for Review. Flakes into a glass jar or burners terms of pounds of shellac and what ’ s too cold it 24. Usually online is your best bet ) and then pour the flakes into a warm,.

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